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My article – War, Peace or Neutrality: An Overview of Islamic Polity’s Basis of Inter-State Relations

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Muhammad Haniff Hassan, “War, Peace or Neutrality: An Overview of Islamic Polity’s Inter-state Relations”, Journal of Al-Tamaddun, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2012, pp. 115-34.


There is an increase interest on Islam in the field of international relations. The paper seeks to offer an overview to the basis of inter state relations between a Muslim polity and other Muslim or non-Muslim polity. It presents three possible options that will be the basis of international relations for an Islamic polity; war, peace and neutrality. It then argues that peace is the original basis and rejects the idea of perpetual war between Islamic and non-Islamic polity as espoused by jihadist groups.


About Muhammad Haniff Hassan

Muhammad Haniff Bin Hassan is a Fellow. He holds a PhD and M.Sc. in Strategic Studies at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (previously known as the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies), Nanyang Technological University. He received his early education in Aljunied Islamic School. He then continued his tertiary education at the Faculty of Islamic Studies, National University of Malaysia, with honours in Syar`iah and Civil law. Mr. Haniff is also active in social activities as a member of the Islamic Religious Council Appeal Board, HSBC Insurance Islamic Advisory Board from 2000 to 2014, Association of Islamic Religious Teachers and Scholars of Singapore (PERGAS) and Management Committee of Al-Irsyad Islamic School. He writes extensively in Berita Harian (a local Malay newspaper) and has also published articles in The Straits Times. He has published six books in his name, co-authored a monograph and helped publish two books for PERGAS and the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore. His personal website in Malay is at



  1. Pingback: List of my long articles (journal and book chapter) from 2005 – 2012 | - December 19, 2012

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