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Muhammad Haniff Hassan, “War, Peace or Neutrality: An Overview of Islamic Polity’s Inter-state Relations”, Journal of Al-Tamaddun, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2012, pp. 115-34.
There is an increase interest on Islam in the field of international relations. The paper seeks to offer an overview to the basis of inter state relations between a Muslim polity and other Muslim or non-Muslim polity. It presents three possible options that will be the basis of international relations for an Islamic polity; war, peace and neutrality. It then argues that peace is the original basis and rejects the idea of perpetual war between Islamic and non-Islamic polity as espoused by jihadist groups.