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Carnegie, Paul James (2013). Is Militant Islamism a Blusted Flush in Indonesia?. Journal of Terrorism Research. Vol. 4. No. 2. 14-25.
In the late 1990s, Indonesia – the world’s most populous Muslim nation – began a transition from authoritarian rule. At the time, many commentators expressed concern about the security threat posed by Islamist militancy in the wake of Suharto’s downfall. Initially, Indonesia did witness a proliferation of Islamist paramilitary groups and a heightened security environment. Yet, in the decade and more since then, the dire threat predictions have largely failed to materialise at least strategically. This outcome raises some interesting questions. First, has Indonesia really contained its extremist threat? Secondly, if so, how and what lessons, if any, can we draw? The following article examines the extent to which Indonesia’s security concerns have actually diminished.